für den Nachrichten-Stream „Fortbildungen“

New Approaches to Burnt Human Bones and Teeth

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New Approaches to Burnt Human Bones and Teeth15 to 17 November 2017, Vienna (Austria)

International conference and workshop

New Approaches to Burnt Human Bones and Teeth:
The bioarchaeology of cremations and tooth cementum annulation

This workshop is jointly organised by the ERC project “The Value of Mothers to Society” and Urnfield Culture Networks, a discussion forum for research on the Late Bronze Age (13th to 8th centuries BC) in Europe. In addition to the traditional format of lectures, a hands-on element will enable participants to examine thin sections of teeth under the microscope. The format combines a public keynote lecture on Wednesday evening, 15 November, with one day of lectures on new approaches to analysing cremated bones (Thursday), one half day of lectures on tooth cementum analysis and a practical/excursion to the Medical University of Vienna and the Natural History Museum in Vienna (Friday).

Event webpage

Programme with abstracts

Data Standards, Archiving, and Analytics in Forensic Anthropology

19 February 2018, 08:30 to 16:45, Washington State Convention Center, Seattle (USA)

„Data Standards, Archiving, and Analytics in Forensic Anthropology

Workshop WO7 at the 70th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences

The event is organized by Dr. Franklin E. Damann. Detailed information is to appear on the meeting website.

Workshop Description

After attending this workshop, attendees will understand the benefits of a unified data architecture and ontology of forensic anthropology data, which enables development and implementation of software applications for data analytics. Attendees of this workshop will join a community of users and will gain access to open-source software for recording and managing biometric data in forensic anthropology.

This presentation will impact the forensic community, particularly the forensic anthropology community, by demonstrating the utility open-source software applications and analytical tools have to play in facilitating casework analysis.

Disparate and fractured datasets preclude collaboration among various research groups. The purpose of the workshop is to promote a unified data architecture and ontology for forensic anthropology. In doing so the consistency, quality and usability of skeletal data improves, providing for more robust reporting and analytics capability, and enhances collaboration and efficiency among globally distributed forensic scientists, researchers, networks, and infrastructures.

This workshop begins with a series of presentations introducing the concepts of (i) a unified data architecture and its application to forensic anthropology, (ii) a well-defined data ontology, and (iii) an overview of data analytics and project pipelines. These concepts are then reinforced through tutorials and hands-on demonstrations.

The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a standard for data integration, serving as a formal representation of knowledge and a conceptual data model in knowledge management systems. The RDF-based data standard (i.e., RDFBones) is presented with research data from the Forensic Anthropology Center Texas State (FACTS). The Commingled Remains and Analytics (CoRA) is an open-source software application for recording and managing data from skeletal specimens. CoRA is a web-enabled relational database built on the open-source PHP Laravel framework. It was created to manage multiple data types obtained from skeletal specimens in a large commingled assemblage. In doing so, data attributes (i.e., metric and non-metric data) are then searchable and filterable to propose linkages among specimens associated to single individuals. During these presentations, participants will gain access to software, create user accounts, and realize the benefits by performing data input and aggregation into various information systems and run complex data queries across various data types.

The latter presentations build upon the previously introduced concepts by demonstrating the benefits through analytical packages developed for specific tasks. A short hands-on introductory session to R programming will be provided to introduce the basics of computer programming to attendees and ensure users can draw on extensibility functions of R and hacking R program source code for their own research purposes. The analytical packages OsteoSort, TDStats, Skelet-o-matic, and recent updates to ForDisc will be discussed.

OsteoSort is an osteological sorting package for R (www.osteosort.net), and provides tools to conduct pair-matching, articulation, and association analyses on large commingled assemblages. A related package, OsteoShiny, provides a graphical user interface to OsteoSort. Hands-on demonstration will involve conducting analyses within R and through the graphical interface.

TDStats is an R application for standardizing and automating facial soft tissue thickness analysis for craniofacial identification, and is freely available from the craniofacial identification resource hub CRANIOFACIALidentification.com. It is built under an exploratory data analysis framework and heavily utilizes plots rather than statistical significance tests to encourage comprehensive understandings of the data to draw scientific inferences and generate enhanced central tendency statistics for use in casework. TDStats uses base tcl/tk for graphical user interfaces.

Skelet-o-matic is a Microsoft Excel macro enabled program that enables inventory of skeletal remains and the automatic generation of a colored skeletal homunculus. As an Excel spreadsheet with set cells for data values, completed inventory forms can be easily data mined in R.

Fordisc software is used to assess sex and ancestry and estimate stature, and upcoming versions will add modules for: 1) Age estimation using transition analysis; 2) Ancestry estimation using macromorphscopic traits of the skull; 3) Ancestry estimation using dental morphology traits. These modules will be available as free standalone programs.

Tying separate and related analytical packages together demonstrates the utility and efficiencies gained in analytical processes linked via of a computing ecosystem. By creating a community of forensic anthropology users who contribute data to a unified data architecture patterns human skeletal variation among spatially and temporally disparate collections becomes attainable.

AGHAS-Workshop „Zähne“

SGA24.11.2017 in Zürich (Schweiz)

Am 24.11.2017 veranstaltet die Arbeitsgemeinschaft Historische Anthropologie der Schweiz (AGHAS) in Zürich (Schweiz) einen Workshop zum Thema Zähne. Zahnbestimmungen, Schmelzhypoplasien, Zahnzementannulation (TCA), Karies und andere Zahn- und Gebisspathologien sowie ihre epidemiologischen Aspekte werden vorgestellt und anhand von Präparaten demonstriert.

Folgende Referentinnen werden dabei Vorträge halten und praktische Übungen anleiten:

  • Dr. Birgit Grosskopf, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Deutschland
  • Dr. Christine Cooper, Amt für Kultur/Archäologie, Fürstentum Lichtenstein
  • Dr. Susi Ulrich Bochsler

Die AGHAS ist ein Organ der Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für Anthropologie (SGA). Im Rahmen der SGA-Jahresversammlung, welche am Folgetag, 25.11.2017, stattfinden wird, gibt es folgende weitere Vorträge zum Thema Zähne:

  • Prof. Dr. Stefano Benazzi, Università di Bologna, Italien: Dental Microwear
  • Dr. Cinizia Fornai, Universität Wien, Österreich: Zahn-Morphometrie
  • Dr. Jocelyne Desideri, Universität Genf, Schweiz: Nichtmetrische, diskrete Zahnmerkmale

Workshop und SGA-Jahresversammlung finden am Institut für Evolutionäre Medizin der Universität Zürich statt. Weitere Informationen finden Sie auf der Website der SGA.

Intensive course „Spatial Demography“

22 January to 2 February 2018 in Rostock (Germany)

The Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR) will be offering a two-week intensive course titled „Spatial Demography: Concepts, Cartographic and Statistical Analysis Techniques, and Big Geodata “ from January 22nd to February 2nd, 2018.  The course will held at the MPIDR in Rostock, Germany.  The application deadline is November 12th, 2017.  For more information and application instructions please visit http://tinyurl.com/spatial2018.

There is no tuition fee for this course.  Students are expected to pay their own transportation and living costs.

Gender Transformations in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies

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8 to 10 March 2018, Kiel (Germany)

Workshop organised by the DFG-funded collaborative research centre „Scales of Transformation: Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies.

  • Tracing gender transformations
  • Gendering shaping environment
  • Gendering fieldwork

Abstract submission deadline: 31 October 2017

Call for Papers